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Family Child Care Homes

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Type B Homes
This is the most common type of family child care home. Type B Homes can care for six or fewer children at one time, with no more than three of those children younger than two years of age. The provider’s own children under the age of six are included in this count. Although anyone can operate a Type B home without a license, caring for more than six children must be licensed by the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services. If the child care is paid for by public funds, Type B homes must be certified by Franklin County Department of Job and Family Services. Type B homes can also be accredited by The National Association for Family Child Care, a voluntary program with more rigorous standards than those established by the state. A Type B family child care home may also be participating in a voluntary registration or quality program.

Type A Homes
Type A Homes are licensed by the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services and can care for seven to twelve children, including the provider’s own children, with no more than four children under 2 years of age. If there are more than six children present or more than three children under 2 years of age, a second caregiver must be present to assist.

What does this mean for me and my child?
Many parents prefer the atmosphere of a family child care home and the family-like opportunity for their child to socialize with children of varying ages. This type of care may also offer options for school age children and for siblings to stay together, as well as part time or flexible schedules.

What should I look for in a family child care home?
It is important for you to feel comfortable with the home, the children and the provider. When you visit a family child care home, pay attention to the children’s activities, look at the space the children have to play in and observe how the children interact with the family. Ask about the provider’s philosophy of discipline and children’s learning. Your relationship with your child’s caregiver will be enhanced if you share common views and can communicate easily. Use a checklist when you visit, and if your child has special needs requiring accommodations, enhance your checklist with extra guidelines for choosing care.

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